Native American Veteran and Canadian aboriginal veteran List.




Francis Pegahmagabow , an Ojibwa from the Parry Island Band in Ontario , is one of the Canadian Aboriginal who was the most decorated during World War 1 . He was awarded the Military Medal (MM) and two clips for his bravery in Belgium and France . The soldiers who had already won the MM and later performed similarly heroic acts could receive staples to mark their extra decorations . Pegahmagabow was one of 39 members of the CEC to receive two bars to the MM .

Pegahmagabow enlisted in the 23rd Regiment (Northern Pioneers ) in August 1914 , almost immediately after the declaration of war. Previously, he worked along the Great Lakes as a marine fireman for the Department of Marine and Fisheries. A few weeks after volunteering, he became one of the first members of 1erBataillon Canadian infantry , with the rest of the first strong Canadian Division 20,000 men, landed in France in February 1915.

The Sniping was the specialty of the man his friends called " Peggy ". It was said of him that "his nerves of steel, patience and marksmanship made an excellent marksman ." In addition, Pegahmagabow gained a reputation for first-class scout .

The 1st Battalion experienced heavy action almost immediately upon arrival at the battlefield . He fought at Ypres , where the enemy had begun to use a new lethal weapon , poison gas , and the Somme, where Pegahmagabow was shot in the leg. He recovered quickly from his injury to return to Belgium with his unit .

It was during his first year on the Western Front that became one of the first Canadians to earn the MM . The citation reads :

For its continued as messenger , February 14, 1915 February 1916 service. He successfully delivered messages while showing considerable bravery during all operations at Ypres, Festubert and Givenchy. In the performance of his duties, he consistently demonstrated a contempt of danger and devotion to duty is commendable.

In November 1917, the 1st Battalion took part in the attack near the village of Passchendaele. There, about 20,000 Allied soldiers crawled a shell crater to another in water and mud. With two British divisions , the Canadian Corps attacked and took the village. They held out for five days until reinforcements arrive . The Allies suffered 16,000 losses at Passchendaele , and Corporal Pegahmagabow earned a first bar to the MM .

The citation reads :

At Passchendaele on 6 and 7 November 1917 , this NCO did a great job. Before and after the attack, he remained in contact with the sides , informing about the units he had glimpsed . This information confirmed the success obtained and allowed the attack to save valuable time at the time of consolidation. He also guided relief that had strayed into the appropriate places.

Pegahmagabow deserved a second bar to the MM during the last months of World War I at the Battle of the Scarpe ( which was part of the Second Battle of Arras ) . The citation reads :

During operations on 30 August 1918, in the trench Orix , near Upton wood , while his company was almost out of ammunition and was in danger of being encircled , this NCO went to attack under fed the fire with machine guns and rifles to bring enough ammunition to allow the station to continue the attack and help repel the massive attacks against the enemy .

In April 1919 Pegahmagabow returned to Canada because of disability , having served for almost the entire duration of the war . Thereafter, he joined the Algonquin Regiment in the non-permanent active militia , in the footsteps of his father and grandfather, he became chief of the Parry Island and later member of the band council . Hall of Fame Canadian Indians Pegahmagabow died in the reserve in 1952.

Francis Pegahmagabow rarely spoke of his military achievements. However, his son Duncan recalls being told that his father had succeeded in capturing 300 enemy soldiers. "My mother [ Eva ] told me he was going behind enemy lines, rub the enemy, but he was never caught. " Duncan adds that Pegahmagabow " loved his country. " Duncan is best remembered that his father was a man of peace: " He always said that we should live in harmony with all that is in the world. "

We see everywhere that Peggy is the most decorated Native soldiers but that is not true. Sergeant JEROME Frank Narcisse, Mi'kmak of Maria, Quebec also received three military medals during the Great War, let's we forget ...


He files was here :

Last edited: 20/06/2017