NATIVE WOMEN

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There is very little documentation or information concerning the contribution of indigenous women in the military. Historians have recently rediscovered the shares of Oneida, Tyonajanegen in the battle of Oriskany during the American Revolution. Hanyery chief's wife, she fought to these sides, loading his gun and her husband was seriously injured.

 

The story of Sacajawea, Shoshone who accompanied Lewis and Clark shippers is already more known. She served as a scout and interpreter in the military expedition.

 

Four Sioux Fort Berthold, South Dakota, served as a nurse during the war Hispano American (1898). Assigned to the Military Hospital in Jacksonville, Florida, they were transferred to Havana, Cuba. One of them, Sister Anthony died of disease in Cuba and was buried with military honors.

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At least 14 indigenous women served the American Medical Corps during the Great War, two of them went to Europe. Nurse Cora E. Sinnard , Oneida, graduated from nursing school in Philadelphia served eight months in France and Mount Edith Charlotte , originally from Canada Iroquois .

 


During World War II , they were about 800 to enlist in various branches of the military .

 


Elva ( Tapedo ) Wale , a Kiowa, left her Oklahoma reservation to join the Women's Army Corps . The soldier became a Tapedo Air WAC and worked on air force bases across the United States .

 


Corporal Bernice ( Firstshoot ) Bailey of Lodge Pole , Montana, rejoigna the Corps Women in 1945 and served until 1948. after the war, she was sent to Wiesbaden, Germany to attend the occupation army .

 


Beatrice ( Coffey ) Thayer also serve the army of occupation in Germany. Beatrice was assigned to the military police and monitor German POW and was accompanied at all times by armed guards . She left the Army in 1970.

 

 


Alida ( Whipple ) Fletcher joined the Army during World War II and was trained as a medical specialist. She was assigned to the hospital at Camp Stoneman , California. Alida was on duty the night two ships loaded with munitions collided killing 400 sailors and wounding hundreds more . Alida was loaded treat most injuries. This remained the most tragic night of his life .

 


1st Lt. Julia ( Nashanany ) Reeves, Potawatomie Crandon , Wisconsin, rejoignera the Army Nurse corps in 1942 and was assigned to a hospital ship sent to the Pacific. She was then transferred to a hospital in England to support the landings in Normandy on 6 June 1944. Returning to the United States after the war, she re-enlisted during the Korean War and was mobilized with the 804th Station Hospital.

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Private Minnie Spotted Wolf from Heart Butte, Montana, enlisted in the women reserve Marine Corps in July 1943. she was the first Native American to enlist in the body. Minnie driving trucks of 2 tons and caring for horses.

 

Ola Mildred Rexroat, Oglala Sioux of Pine Ridge, South Dakota, rejoigna the Pilotage Service Women. His job was to act as a dummy target for students in flak. After the war. It rejoigna the U.S. Air Force and served for over 10 years.

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During the 50s and 60s , Aboriginal women continued to enlist during the Korean War and the Vietnam War .

 


Sarah Mae Peshlakai Navajo enlisted in the Corps in 1951 until 1957 Female . she was assigned to the military hospital in Yokohama, Japan and nursed the wounded of the Korean War.

 


Verna Fender enlisted in the Navy during the Korean War. She was seriously injured during an exercise and treated at the Naval Hospital . She will continue her training and was assigned to the department inventory .

 

 


Shirley M Aviso Navajo served in the Navy from 1953 to 1963 . she was the officer in charge of the team for the encrypted messages.

 


Pearl Ross, Arikara , joined the air forced in 1953 and was assigned as a medical specialist. Pearl volunteered during the Vietnam War to go on the front, but his case was refused , the Air Force was hesitant to send women to Vietnam.

 


Barbara Monteiro joined the Women's Army Corps in 1963. she was assigned to the administrative department of the army during the Vietnam War.

 


Lance Corporal Valla Dee Jack Egge , served in the Marine Corps in the 60s and was the personal secretary general at the base of Marines Parris Islands .

 


The number of women running again increased during the 70s and 80s .

 


Patricia White Bear joined the Navy in 1981 and became a mechanic on board warships . Kathleen Dolores Smith , Cherokee, became a pilot training in 1982 and left the Air Force with the rank of Captain in 1990.

 


Aboriginal women also lost their lives in service. Katherine Matthews. Joined the Navy in the late 70s. she died in the crash of a test aircraft in 1985.

 


Terri Ann Hagen, Doctor of the army, was killed fighting a fire in Colorado in 1994.

Lori Ann Piestewa , died in captivity in Iraq in 2003. she is the first woman who died in combat in the U.S. Army Corps of Marines.

 


Since then, their numbers have been increasing and are now present in all branches of the military and even in four U.S. military academies. One of his wives is Highwalking Micah Rae , Cheyenne, entered West Point in 2006. today 1,509 women Amerindian origins are estimated armed forces.

Ironically , Aboriginal women experienced refusals from the Indian nations and not of their comrades . War is a man's business , they could not carry the flags in the pow wows.

 


Oglala Sioux nation has created a modern song especially for women war veterans, and reserving their own tribute during pow wows.

 

 
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