SCOUT PAWNEE

PAWNEE SCOUT

scout-pawnee.jpg

DATE OF ACTIVITY

1864 –1877

BATTLES

Powder river War, Bataille de tongue River, Guerre contre les Comanches, Bataille de Summit Springs, Guerre contre les Sioux.

COMMANDER

Frank North, George Crook

The Pawnee were originally from Nebraska, around Republican , Platte and Loup rivers. In December 1864, the Pawnees were already at war against their neighbors, so it was easy for General Samuel Curtis recruit Scouts for his military expedition . 70 Pawnee engaged to these sides. Shortly after , 1st Lt. Frank North was allowed to recruit 100 additional Pawnees .

August 22, 1865 North track down a hostile group of Indians with 45 of his Scouts when he discovers an enemy encampment. During the engagement against the camp , 27 enemy were killed without any Pawnee Scout was not injured or killed . A second engagement a few days later almost turned to disaster when the enemy realized against a surprise attack. Again, no Pawnee Scout was killed or injured . These two episodes created a myth of the super powers and Pawnee invulnerable.

 

In the spring of 1866, the Pawnee Scouts were handed over to civilian life until March 1867. North was allowed to create four companies of 50 Scouts to protect the construction of the railway.

The biggest engagement took place August 22, 1867 against 150 Oglala and Cheyenne warriors . The Pawnee scouts were able to capture the enemy leader 's family and exchanged against 3 girls and 2 white boys captured by the Oglala . In autumn 1867 the Scouts was again called into retirement but resumed service in spring 1868. they participated in July 1869 the Battle of Summit Springs warriors against 900 Arapaho , Sioux and Cheyenne .

 

Set again retired in 1870, the Pawnee Scouts resumed service in 1876 to fight against the Red Cloud and Sitting Bull leaders. Passed under the command of General Crook , they helped in the capture of Sitting Bull in 1877. Pawnee Scouts were officially disbanded on 1 May 1877 and returned to their reservation in Oklahoma .
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