SCOUT APACHE

APACHE SCOUT

scout-apache.jpg

DATE OF ACTIVITY

1860 –1947

BATTLES

Guerre contre les Chiricahua, Guerre contre les Navajos, Guerre contre les Yavapai, Guerre contre Victorio, Guerre contre Géronimo, Guerre des frontières.

COMMANDER

George Crook, albert Sieber, Tom Horn

The Apache scouts are the best known of the history of the far west , in each western movie and for good reason: they served from 1860 to 1947 , were in each engagement of the U.S. Army and many of them were decorated for bravery in battle .

It is important to note that the Apaches were be several distinct bands having the same culture but may prove to be hostile . An apache West could therefore fight an Apache East . That is why the army used by apache distinct band scouts.

 

Tontos the Apaches were led by General Crook while Chiricahuas were under the command of Lieutenant Gatewood . The Apaches Warm springs under the command of Lieutenant Britton Davis and Mescalero under the command of Major Vanm Horn. Thus, using an apache web to power another track . The Apache chiefs Geronimo and Nana were so taken with the help of Apaches .

 

The Mescalero Apaches have served the army during the war against the Navajo in 1863-1864 . one of the last battles had held January 4, 1864 along the Pecos River in New Mexico. When a band of 100 Navajo is enfuya the Bosque Redondo, the Indian agent hired 60 scouts mescaleros to continue. When the fight began , the Navajo realized they could flee without their supply , so they took a defensive position and pushed the Mescalero scouts. The arrival of the American cavalry pushed Navajo to flee without their supply , leaving behind 40 dead and 25 wounded. No soldier or scout mescaleros was killed or wounded. Two weeks later , Colonel Kit Carson Scouts helped Mescaleros , managed to capture the fugitives and to end the war against the Navajos .

In 1870 , General George Crook introduced the idea of ​​enlisting entire companies Scouts . The majority of these Scouts were divided into two companies apache but also recruited Navajo , of Pima , the Yaquis , the Opatas , the Papagos , the Walapais , the Yavapais and paiutes .

These units fought the Apaches and West Yavapai Arizona.

During the campaign tonto basin in 1872, Crook displayed these scouts Battle of Salt River on December 28 . More than 100 Yavapai and Tonto had refuge in caves around the Salt River. With 130 cavalry and 30 scouts, Crook attacked the caves , killed 76 enemy and captured 34. he managed the same feat Turret Peak March 27, 1873 where 57 Yavapais and Tonto were killed. These two commitments , only one American soldier was killed with the help of scouts.

Following the surrender of Geronimo in 1886, the Apache scouts became less useful and therefore their number was reduced to 50 men in 1891. in 1915, there remained 24 .

After the attack of Pancho Villa in Columbus , New Mexico in March 1916, General John J Pershing was charged lead a punitive expedition to Mexico to capture or kill Villa. Pershing authorized the recruitment of 17 new Apache Scout. Pancho Villa and his rebels took refuge in the region Chihuhua Mexico when General Pershing crossed the border. The region dotted desert and canyon formed a major obstacle to the advance of the army Pershing but not for its Scouts . Scouts were divided into two groups and met several times skirmishes . He used it at full capacity to track Villa and his rebels . Using scouts license Pershing to go to the heart of Chihuahua, occupying part of the territory and fight the Mexican troops.

Scouts engaged an enemy strength of 150 men May 5, 1916 . during the battle , which lasted half an hour , 61 Mexicans were killed and 70 others were captured .

After the end of the punitive expedition in 1917 , half of Apache scouts were returning to civilian life . The 22 remaining scouts served the armed forces and continued to combattrent Mexicans in the 1920s . last scout, an Apache was officially demobilized in 1947.
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