eskimoscout

The territorial guard Alaska (Alaska Territorial Guard - ATG) or Eskimo Scout is a reserve force of the U.S. military create in 1942 in response to the Japanese attack during World War II. ATG operated until 1947.

 

6,368 volunteers, unpaid came from 107 communities across Alaska nations Aleut, Athabaskan, White, Inupiaq, Haida, Tlingit, Tsimshian, and Yupik.

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The age of recruitment of members ranges from 12 to 80 years! Generally volunteers find themselves in the ATG because they were too young or too old to serve in the army .

 

A first estimate are talking about 20,000 direct and indirect volunteers for recognition and support activities of the ATG . Data of current official censuses talk about 6389 volunteers. Of these, 27 were women and provided the medical part as nurses and accountable aid stations .

 

ATG ensured a vital support for the Allied war effort :

 

- They protected the only source of heavy iron in the region

 

- They were securing the area around the air route Lend - Lease between the united states and russia .

 

 
- They set and maintained camps survival along transportation routes and the coastal region.

 

In addition to their official duties , members of the ATG are recognized for their integration in military strength and good relationship with the communities they protected .

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In 2000, all members are eligible for a military pension for their service, but efforts to find all members and assist them in the process was very difficult. The lack of archives and too much bureaucracy slows recognition of its members.
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