1754 - 1760








War of Conquest is the clash between the French and British for control of North America. Hostilities began in 1754 , two years before the outbreak of the Seven Years' War in Europe. In the United States , frequently the name French and Indian War the various clashes are used, which means "war against the French and Indians" This war began in 1754 , during clashes in the Ohio Valley , this war will pit the French , their militia of New France and their Indian allies on one side and the British and their American militias and their Iroquois allies on the other. The most impressive is the seat of Quebec in 1759 . The capture of Montreal (1760) ends the war in America.

At that time , France had the vast majority of explored the new continent ( 1745) region , more than half of North America. She had a part of the current Quebec ( that can be mentioned in the region of Hudson Bay , which was not under French control) over much of eastern Canada. His left border in the north to the boundary of the Labrador Current , was a parable from below the James Bay to go around Lake Manitoba and Lake Winnipeg , central Manitoba and the current down to the Gulf of Mexico, next to the west , the Mississippi River. Only along a hundred kilometers on the Atlantic Coast was excluded because it corresponded to the territory of the first 13 English colonies in America ( named from north to south) : New Hampshire , Massachusetts, New York , Rhode Island, Connecticut , New Jersey , Pennsylvania, Virginia, Delaware , Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina and Georgia.

The French were allied with almost all the Indian nations of North America . The Indians were a major force in the defense of New France . As the militia , they were effective in the war of ambush. Although each nation has its own Native American rituals and traditions , it is possible to observe a constant in war tactics and strategies adopted by the Native Americans involved in the conflict.

First, they never fight in open terrain , the tactics of ambush and camouflage are rather peculiar to these allies. In fact, the surprise attack is their strongest asset. It takes short European soldiers used to the battle array and is , therefore, a lot of havoc . As preparations for war, despite some variations from one group to another , there is some common elements : long discussions before departure , together with the pipe of war and dances. Premonitory dreams were also popular to predict the outcome of a war or if it was a danger to an individual or an entire nation.

In the summer of 1759 in Quebec , nearly 1,800 Indians take part in the conflict between the French and British armies . Among the allies of the French who were present during the siege of Quebec, there are particular Abenaki , Mi'kmaq , Maliseet , Ottawa , of Poutouétamis , Foxes and Huron .

In Native American history , legend says that after the battle of the Plains of Abraham , where the surrender was being signed , allied to France leaders have proposed Montcalm not to go , to leave the city of Québec British and retire . Native American messengers were sent to the west to get reinforcements and well -attack against the troops of James Wolfe who had suffered so much . But Montcalm refused . He had already given his surrender . This story is probably false because Montcalm died the day after the battle as a result of injuries sustained in retirement .

By the Treaty of Paris signed in 1763 between France and Britain , it gets in the France Île Royale, Isle St. Jean , Acadia , Canada, the Great Lakes and all french territories east of the Mississippi. But France also includes territories in America , like its Caribbean territories and Saint Pierre and Miquelon (which it lost in 1713 ) .
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