CANADIAN MILITIA

 

CANADIAN MILITIA
19TH CENTURY

 

Despite the stability and peace on prevailing in Canada for the rest of the nineteenth century, the military dimension is never absent . This is evident in the Crown to negotiate treaties with the indigenous peoples of the West. They are encouraged to stop all fighting with Europeans or other Aboriginal nations and live in peace. Important fact , many indigenous groups fear that a treaty does not require them to fight for the Crown. Crown negotiator , Alexander Morris, ensures the Saulteaux in the negotiation of the Treaty 3 (also known as the Treaty of the Northwest corner ) in 1873 that "the English never lead the Indians to the outside the country to fight alongside them . " Similarly, at Fort Pitt in 1876 , Cree receive the following assurance : "You ask not to be forced to fight in war . I trust that there will be no war , but should there be one, I think the Queen would leave you out . I'm sure she would not ask her Indian children to fight for it , unless they want to. " These verbal assurances will be important during the conscription crises of two world wars in the twentieth century. At the time, these examples show that the military, although latent capacity of indigenous warriors remain relevant for both Aboriginal and the State .

However, neither the government nor the Canadian Imperial government formally defined role or structure for indigenous peoples in preparing the defense of Canada in the nineteenth century. In 1855 , the old sedentary militia unpaid fell into disuse and the Government of Canadas ( the Act of Union in 1840 brought together the Upper and Lower Canada became Canada East and Canada West) considers it necessary to adopt a new militia Act which preserves the principle of unpaid universal military service which may be used in an emergency , but also creates a new active or volunteer militia , 5000 strong men equipped by the government and paid 10 days per year for training. Faced with the threat of American expansionism , the Canadian government does not take long to double the authorized . Yet apart from a few local examples of small-scale indigenous militia , there is no Canadian equivalent to units of scouts or Aboriginal separate regular units that found in the United States. This is partly due to conflicts that are rare in the West , so that the need for such forces is smaller.

The limited role of indigenous warriors in the militia also due to the structure and role of the organization in Canadian society of the Victorian era . After the reorganization and expansion of the Active Militia , serving in the militia is becoming more fashionable and belonging to the new units will soon not be a status symbol . Become a sort of men's clubs , units compete with each other in shooting competitions and drill . Men are often expected they donated their pay to their unit , which is used to purchase trophies and decorations or to arrange mess dinners . In 1862, the Maritime colonies followed suit , " so that we soon see 18,000 militiamen scroll happily in their free time in cities and towns throughout the British North America." The key words here are " Cities and Towns ". There are few rural units and there are of course companies in different villages , but most are the size of a battalion and are found in the population centers , where it is easier to raise a large number of men. This elitist urban organization tends to marginalize the participation of Aboriginal people, whose communities are primarily rural . It also shows that there is less appeal , unlike before, tribal or national contingents of Aboriginal people as unskilled fighters.

 

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